Blood sugar is an integral part of your body as it acts like the primary source of energy. It is crucial for a number of normal functions, specially the human brain. Glucose in our bodies is transported from intestines or liver to the other parts via bloodstream.
Glucose levels in the bloodstream are usually the lowest in the morning. They rise up by a few millimoles after meals. After you eat, your body breaks down the food and converts it into sugar to obtain energy from it. The sugar is transported through the bloodstream. However, prolonged high levels of blood sugar causes a lot of damage to the human body.
Diabetes can be caught early and then managed in order to avoid any major complications. If left untreated, it can lead to severe problems such as heart problems, kidney damage, nerve damage, etc.
Let’s see how diabetes affects various parts of our body:
Endocrine, excretory and digestive systems
If your pancreas produces little or no insulin, other hormones are used to turn fat into energy. This leads to the development of high toxicity in your body and results in a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This is a serious potential complication of diabetes and symptoms include excessive thirst, urination, hunger and fatigue.
High blood glucose may also cause gastroparesis – which makes it difficult to completely empty your stomach. People may even experience nausea, vomiting, bloating and heartburn.
Uncontrolled blood sugar has the potential to cause damage to the kidneys and lead to kidney nephropathy. It is important to evaluate diabetic patients for this disease in order to avoid irreversible kidney damage or kidney failure.
Diabetes can increase the risk of high blood pressure and putting further strain on the heart. High blood sugar levels lead to the formation of fatty deposits in the blood vessel walls. These deposits can restrict blood flow over time.
Lack of blood flow can affect hands and feet, especially while walking since it narrows the blood vessels in the legs. This condition is known as peripheral neuropathy and it causes decreased sensation in the extremities.
Skin is the largest organ of your body and it can also be affected by diabetes. Due to dehydration, a lack of moisture causes the skin on your feet to dry and crack.
Moist, warm folds in the skin are susceptible to fungal, yeast and bacterial infections. These have the potential to develop between fingers and toes, armpits, corners of lips or the groin. Symptoms are usually redness, itching, and blisters.
Unmanaged diabetes can also cause eruptive xanthomatosis, digital sclerosis, and diabetic dermopathy. These conditions usually clear up once the blood sugar is under control.
Central nervous system
Diabetes causes diabetic neuropathy which means damage to the nerves. This leads to damaged perception of heat, cold as well as pain. It makes you more likely to be injured and takes a long time for the wounds to heal.
Apart from this, diabetes causes blood vessels in the eyes to swell or leak. This condition is known as diabetic retinopathy, and it can damage your vision or lead to complete blindness.
A type of diabetes that is gestational diabetes is caused due to the hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy. It increases the possibility of high blood pressure in the woman’s body.
Usually, this type of diabetes is controlled easily and the blood sugar levels go back to normal after the baby’s birth. Symptoms are more or less similar to other diabetes but an increase in infections to vagina and bladder is an added symptom of gestational diabetes.
The baby’s birth weight may also be higher in women who have gestational diabetes. This leads to complications during birth. The woman is also susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes following the baby’s delivery.
Our teeth and gums can also be affected by uncontrolled diabetes. Gum disease is a common side-effect that is observed in diabetic people. Apart from that, there is a higher chance of tooth decay and cavities as well. This happens because of high levels of sugar in the saliva which promotes bacteria growth in the mouth. It results in an increased number of acid attacks on the teeth and thereby, an increased number of cavities.
Diabetes is a deadly disease that causes many problems in your body. Millions of people suffer from this illness every year. The best way to stay healthy is by making lifestyle changes and keeping a constant check on your blood sugar level. Homeopathy helps you cure diabetes can link the other article on diabetes with this in a safe and natural way, making sure that you don’t develop any other disorders.